Recommended Trees

The trees on this list are well suited for our local climate and soil conditions. They beautify our own properties and our community, support wildlife, control stormwater runoff and soil erosion, moderate climate and conserve energy use.

Properly planted and cared for, they have minimal disease and pest problems.

[*The height categories listed below are for “effective landscape height”, not the actual height that the trees might attain at maturity].

For detailed information about these trees, their uses and care, visit Horticopia, or Native Plant Center, or consult the Manual of Woody Landscape Plants by Michael Dirr, Easy Tree Guide by Keith Rushforth, or Encyclopedia of Trees by Hugh Johnson in the Marple Library.

denotes Native species that are especially recommended.

DECIDUOUS TREES

Drops their leaves in the fall

Small deciduous trees (0-30 feet*)

Common NameBotanical NameSuggestions/comments
Buckeye, redAesculus pavia
Cherry
Okame cherry
Oriental cherry
Prunus hybrid
Prunus serrulata
‘Okame’
CrabappleMalusAssorted disease resistant varieties
Dogwood
Flowering dogwood
Corneliancherry
Chinese dogwood
Cornus florida
Cornus mas
Cornus kousa
‘Appalachian Spring’
‘Golden Glory’
DovetreeDavidia involucrata
FrankliniaFranklinia alatamahaneeds special care
Hawthorn
Green hawthorn
Crataegus viridis‘Winter King’
Hornbeam
American hornbeam
European hornbeam
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus betulus
‘Fastigiata’
Lilac
Japanese tree lilac
Syringa reticulata
Maackia
Amur maackia
Maackia amurensis
Magnolia
Sweetbay magnolia
Saucer magnolia
Magnolia virginiana
Magnolia x solaniana
Maple
Hedge maple
Paperbark maple
Acer campestre
Acer griseum
Special care
Redbud
Eastern redbud
Cercis canadensis
Serviceberry
Allegheny serviceberry
Downy serviceberry
Shadblow/Serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis
Amelanchier arborea
Amelanchier canadensis


Silverbell
Carolina silverbell
Halesia tetraptera
Stewartia
Japanese stewartia
Stewartia pseudocamellia

Medium deciduous trees (30-60 feet*)

Common NameBotanical NameSuggestions/comments
AlderAlnus species
Birch
Gray birch
River birch
Sweet birch
Betula populifolia
Betula nigra
Betula lenta
‘Whitespire’
‘Heritage’
Cherry
Sergeant cherry
Prunus sargentii‘Columnaris’
Elm
Lacebark elm
Ulmus parvifolia
Hophornbeam
American hophornbeam
Ostrya virginiana
Honeylocust
Common honeylocust
Gleditsia tricanthos(thornless; no fruits)‘Moraine’
‘Imperial’
‘Shademaster’
‘Skyline’
Horsechestnut
Red horsechestnut
Aesculus x carnea‘Briotii’
‘Fort McNair’
Katsura treeCercidiphyllum japonicumuse male
Maple
Trident maple
Acer buergerianum
Oak
Sawtooth oak
Shingle oak
Willow oak
Quercus acutissima
Quercus imbricaria
Quercus phellos
Parrotia
Persian ironwood
Parrotia persicasingle stem
SourwoodOxydendrum arboreum
YellowwoodCladastris kentukeanot near street

Large deciduous trees (60+ feet*)

Common NameBotanical NameSuggestions/comments
Ash
Green Ash
White Ash
Fraxinus pensylvanica
Fraxinus americana
seedless type best
‘Autumn Purple’
‘Rose Hill’
‘Autumn Applause’
BaldcypressTaxodium distichum
Beech
American beech
European beech
Fagus grandifolia
Fagus sylvatica
Black gum/tupeloNyssa sylvaticaSpecies or various cultivars
ElmUlmus(selected)‘Valley Forge’
‘Princeton’
‘Liberty’
Kentucky coffeetreeGymnocladus dioicusmale
Magnolia
Cucumber tree
Magnolia acuminata‘Butterflies’
Larch, GoldenPseudolarix kaempferiBest for parks
Linden
Silver linden
Pendant Silver linden
Tilia tomentosum
Tilia petiolaris
London PlanetreePlantanus x acerifolia
Maidenhair treeGinkgo bilobause male
Maple
Red maple
Sugar maple
Acer rubrum
Acer saccharum
‘October Glory’
‘Red Sunset’
‘Autumn Flame’
‘Green Mountain’
‘Legacy’
‘Bonfire’
Oak
Bur oak
Pin oak
English oak
Northern red oak
Swamp white oak
Shumard oak
White oak
Quercus macrocarpa
Quercus palustris
Quercus robur
Quercus rubra
Quercus bicolor
Quercus shumardii
Quercus alba
species or Green Pillar®
‘Fastigiata’
‘Attention’
SweetgumLiquidambar styraciflua‘Rotundiloba’ (fruitless)
Tuliptree/tulip poplarLiriodendron tulipiferafor parks
Zelkova JapaneseZelkova serrata‘Green Vase’/‘Village Green’

EVERGREEN TREES (retain their broad or needled foliage all year)

Small evergreen trees (20-35 feet*)

Common NameBotanical NameSuggestions/comments
Arborvitae
American arborvitae
West coast arborvitae
Thuja occidentalis
Thuja x(hybrid)
‘Emerald Green’
‘Nigra’
‘Techny’
‘Pyramidalis’
‘Green Giant’
Holly
American holly
Ilex opaca‘Angelica’
‘Jersey Knight’
‘Wyetta’
‘Jersey Princess’
‘Old Heavy Berry’
Eastern red cedarJuniperus virginianaEmerald Sentinel™
Magnolia, southernMagnolia grandiflora‘Edith Bogue’
‘Little Gem’
‘Bracken’s Brown Beauty’
‘D.D. Blanchard’
Pine
Japanese black pine
Japanese red pine
Japanese white pine
Lacebark pine
Limber pine
Swiss stone pine
Pinus thunbergiana
Pinus densiflora
Pinus parviflora
Pinus bungeana
Pinus flexilis
Pinus cembra
‘Umbraculifera’
‘Glauca’
‘Vanderwolf’s Pyramid’
Spruce
Serbian spruce
Picea omorika

Medium evergreen trees (35-60 feet*)

Medium evergreen trees (35-60 feet*)

Common NameBotanical NameSuggestions/comments
Cedar
Atlas cedar
Alaska cedar
Incense cedar
Japanese cedar
Cedrus atlantica
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis
Calocedrus decurens
Cryptomeria japonica
‘Glauca’
‘Fastigiata’
‘Pendula’
‘Yoshino’
‘Benjamin Franklin’
Fir
Nordmann fir
White fir
Abies nordmanniana
Abies concolor

Large evergreen trees (60+ feet*)

Common NameBotanical NameSuggestions/comments
Fir
Douglas-fir
Pseudotsuga menzieii
Pine
Eastern white pine
Pinus strobus‘Fastigiata’
Spruce
Norway spruce
Oriental spruce
Cedrus atlantica
Picea abies
Picea orientalis

Not Recommended

Common NameBotanical NameSuggestions/comments
Elm
American elm
Siberian elm
Ulmus americana
Ulmus pumila
disease prone
weak-wooded
EmpresstreePaulownia tomentosaweedy & invasive
Maple
Sycamore maple
Tatarian maple
Norway maple
Silver Maple
Acer pseudoplatanus
Acer tataricum
Acer platanoides
Acer saccharinum
all of these maples are weedy, invasive and weak-wooded
Poplar
Lombardy poplar
Populus nigra ‘Italica’short-lived
Tree of HeavenAilanthus altissimaweedy & invasive